Peptic ulcer is one of the most common disease in Bangladesh

Peptic ulcer means sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower esophagus, or small intestine. They’re usually formed as a result of inflammation caused by the bacteria H.Pylori, as well as from erosion from stomach acids. Now a days when Peptic ulcer is one of the most common disease in Bangladesh

There are three types of peptic ulcers:

  • gastric ulcers: ulcers that develop inside the stomach
  • esophageal ulcers: ulcers that develop inside the esophagus
  • duodenal ulcers: ulcers that develop in the upper section of the small intestines, called the duodenum.

Causes of peptic ulcer

  • Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a type of bacteria that can cause a stomach infection and inflammation
  • frequent use of aspirin (Bayer), ibuprofen (Advil), and other anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Smoking
  • drinking too much alcohol
  • Life style
  • Foods habit etc.

Symptoms of peptic ulcers

Common signs of a peptic ulcer include:

  • changes in appetite
  • Nausea
  • Bloody or black stool
  • unexplained weight loss
  • Indigestion
  • Vomiting
  • Chest pain

Diagnosis of peptic ulcers

Types of tests are available to diagnose a peptic ulcer. They are called upper endoscopy and upper gastrointestinal (GI)series, barium X-ray.

How to treat a peptic ulcer

Treatment will depend on the underlying cause of your ulcer. If tests show that you have an H. pylori infection, your doctor will prescribe a combination of medication. You’ll have to take the medications for up to two weeks. The medications include antibiotics to help kill infections and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to help reduce stomach acid.If your doctor determines that you don’t have an H. pylori infection, they may recommend a prescription or over-the-counter PPI  for up to eight weeks to reduce stomach acid and help your ulcer heal.Acid blockers like ranitidine or famotidine can also reduce stomach acid and ulcer pain. These medications are available as a prescription and also over the counter in lower doses. It’s our challenge to control peptic ulcer which is one of the most common disease in our Bangladesh.

This article is not recommend as treatment of peptic ulcer without consulting your doctor.